Our January 2018 Budget Report

Our January m Monthly Budget Report Bunchy the Budgeteer

It’s time again for me to share with you our monthly budget report. Can you believe it’s now February? I’m sure time moves faster as we get older! 

From a financial point of view, January can be a difficult month. Excesses in Christmas spending and a spike in credit card borrowing can leave many people feeling the pinch when January arrives. You can change this, though.

Continue reading “Our January 2018 Budget Report”

A Peek into Our Monthly Budget

A Peek into Our Monthly Budget

Last month I wrote a post called ‘Are You Within The Recommended Guidelines For Your Monthly Expenses?‘. It covered advice on the ideal allocation of income within a budget, as percentages. E.g. How much of your income to spend on housing, etc.

I thought you guys might find it interesting to see how we divide our money month to month.

Continue reading “A Peek into Our Monthly Budget”

A Beginner’s Bite-Size Guide to the Differences between Savings and Investments

A Beginner's Bite-Size Guide to the Differences between Savings and Investments

If you’re just beginning to learn about how money really works and are wanting to take control of your finances, you may not be completely clear about the terms that are used in the financial sphere. Hopefully, I can clear up one common cause of confusion; the difference between saving and investing money.

Saving

Most people know what saving is, but it’s good to define the meaning so that you can see the difference between this and investing. So, to save means putting away money a bit at a time, usually to pay for something specific or for a ‘rainy day’ fund.

Savings are usually kept in a bank or building society account and your money is easily accessed when you need it. Some accounts may pay you interest on your savings, but this is more of a benefit rather the sole aim of the money.

Money kept in savings is generally at a very low risk of loss, but remember that savings are still at risk of losing value due to inflation (where the buying power of your money and any interest earned on it doesn’t keep up with the increased cost of living and therefore what your money can buy now will be less than what it can buy you in the future).

Investing

Investing is still a form of saving, but here you are taking some of your money with the aim of growing it by putting it into things that you think will increase in value e.g. investing in stocks, shares or rental property.

Money that is placed in such investments is at a higher risk of loss, as whatever you choose to invest your money into may not increase in value and may actually decrease in value. Usually, the higher the risk of an investment, the higher the amount of ‘return‘ (what you’ll get back on top the initial amount you put in) you could receive.

For more on saving and investing, you may like to read Are You Within The Recommended Guidelines For Your Monthly Expenses?

What other financial terms confuse you? If there’s anything I can clear up for you, please don’t hesitate to ask.

I love hearing from you and want to grow this community that is gradually getting bigger. Don’t be shy! Comment, contribute to the Facebook page, send me a private message or all three! I will always try to help you.

Lisa a.k.a ‘Bunchy’

Are You Within the Recommended Guidelines for Your Monthly Expenses?

Who is Bunchy the Budgeteer? Who is 'Bunchy'?

Are you confused by all the financial advice out there, telling you how much you need to be saving each month? I know that I used to be! Would it help to know if you are within the recommended guidelines for your monthly expenses?

 
Have you got into a spin about what percentage of your income you should be investing into a pension? You know, so that you’re not eating cold baked beans in your old age (unless that’s how you roll)?
Do you ever wonder if you’re spending far too much of your income on things you enjoy? Are you worrying that those items are costing you more than the actual price tag – like your financial health?
Stressed because you can’t save what (insert financial guru) recommends you save each month due to struggling to afford the basics? (I know, I’ve been there) Well, please read on, friend…
Let me first say that there is a no ‘one size fits all’ plan to personal finance. It’s personal finance after all! I DO believe that there are good rules of thumb that we can go by. Tweak them here and there to suit your particular circumstances. That means altering things to benefit your financial situation, not to satisfy your spending desires!
 
I’ve read a lot of advice on what percentage of ones’ income should go towards various categories. Some experts vary in how they split up the categories, but for the most part, they tend to fall into these areas:
 
Saving and Investing There’s a difference. Read ‘A Beginner’s Bite-Size Guide to the Differences between Savings and Investments‘.
Debt-repayment (over and above what must get paid each month. Things such as a mortgage payment and paying the minimum balance on a credit card).
Vital household and living expenses.
Recreational/discretionary spending.
 

Let’s Start with Savings

 
General advice tells us to aim to put 10-20% of our net income towards savings &/or investments each month. Net pay is our ‘take-home’ pay, after tax and National Insurance gets deducted. What most experts will tell you is that your first goal is to have an emergency fund. Check out Why Having an Emergency Fund Will Help You to Sleep Better‘.
Once you’ve saved/are saving your emergency fund, consider other savings:
Short-Term Savings
For expenses or purchases you expect to happen in less than five years. For example, a family holiday or Christmas.
Medium-Term Savings
For expenses or purchases you expect to happen within five to 10 years, e.g. a new car.
Longer-term Savings
For expenses expected to occur in ten years or more, such as saving up for a child’s university tuition.
You may decide that you instead want to invest long-term savings, to maximise its chance of growth. Due to not needing the money for several years, it has a better chance of weathering any fluctuations. For example, if invested in the stock market. There is always a chance of losing money in investments. If you’re not willing or able to risk this, then a savings vehicle may be a better option for you.
 

Have You Ever Heard of ‘Sinking Funds’?

 
Sinking funds are savings goals for specific purposes. Read my post ‘What Are Sinking Funds and Why Do I Need Them?‘ and then come back. Our sinking funds have saved our skins and our budget many a time!
One final note before moving on to the next category. Some financial experts say that you should forget having any type of savings until you’re out of debt. This doesn’t include your mortgage. Some suggest you have a safety net of one month worth of expenses saved. Others recommend that you build your emergency fund at the same time as paying off debts.
Whatever you decide is the best option for you will depend on several things, including:
 
  • How secure you feel that your jobs are.
  • How tolerant you are to risk.
  • During a period of unemployment or illness, how your debts would affect you if you hadn’t reduced them.

Investing

For most people, this will mean the money that they save into their pension plan. It could also include other investments such as:
 
Investing in the stock market.
Buying a second property.
As mentioned before, you may also want to invest money earmarked for long-term savings. It can grow more than it could in an easily accessible savings account, but there’s more risk.
Experts recommend putting 5-20% of your take-home pay into investments/retirement savings. Other experts advise beginning at half your age as a percentage.
Example:
 
You’re 40 and have never consistently contributed to a pension or investment. Therefore, you would invest 20% (half your age) of your income until you retire.
 
The younger you begin saving for retirement, the smaller the chunk taken from your budget! Yet it all depends on how much you want to live on in retirement and what your retirement goals are.
Investing is an extensive topic and you should get professional advice about. Use a regulated independent financial advisor when making such important and long-term decisions.
Debt repayment
 
The advice seems to indicate that we should be putting 5%-20% of our take-home pay towards debt each month.
 
This percentage doesn’t include:
 
  • Your usual monthly mortgage payment (if you have one.
  • Paying any minimum credit card balance – you ‘have‘ to pay or risk additional debt.
Instead, this means, for example:
 
  • Making additional payments towards a mortgage if you want to pay it off earlier. Some financial gurus advocate this. Others feel that there are better things to be doing with your money.
  • Clearing credit card debts or paying off a car finance agreement, etc.

Vital Household and Living Expenses

We’re advised to keep this category of spending between 50-70% of our take-home pay. Though not meant to be an exhaustive list, this category will include things such as:
 
  • Food & household groceries (the basics).
  • Mortgage or rent payment.
  • Council tax.
  • Gas, electricity, and water.
  • Fuel/public transport to get to and from work.
  • Clothing basics.
  • Life assurance.
  • Home (building &/or contents) insurance.
  • Car tax, new tyres, car insurance, and M.O.T.
  • Sight tests and glasses.
  • Prescriptions.
  • Dentistry.
  • Boiler servicing.
  • Necessary hair-cuts.

Recreational/Discretionary Spending

This is where you finally get to have some fun with your money and use it for entertainment purposes!
From my research, advice indicates we try to keep these non-vital expenses between 10-30% of our net pay.
Again, the list below isn’t intended to be an exhaustive list. What you chose to spend your ‘fun money‘ on will be different to what I like to spend mine on, but it may include such things as:
 
  • TV subscription services.
  • Sports equipment, toys, and gadgets.
  • Beauty salon treatments.
  • Restaurants/eating out.
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking and vaping.
  • Days out.
  • Non-essential home improvements.
  • Make-up.
  • Junk food and takeaways.
  • Luxury grocery items.
  • Clothing (above the basics to keep from getting arrested, etc.).
  • Jewellery.
Some financial specialists list the following as non-vital budget items:
 
  • Home internet, landline telephones, mobile phones (and their tariffs). Unless it’s used for business purposes.
I hope that by reading this, you now have a clearer picture of how your spending compares.
If you’re aware of the potential impact of where you allocate your money each month, then that’s great. Whatever you decide to do is going to be very personal to you and your circumstances.
Some people don’t have the luxury of choosing where they prioritise their spending. They may have cut back everywhere possible and still don’t have enough for the basics or for saving. In these situations, it’s not a spending issue that they have, but an income issue. Until that’s improved, they shouldn’t, for example, concern themselves with investing.

Have you calculated how much of your income goes into the categories above? Are you a natural saver or spender? What are your views on prioritising debt repayment over saving or vice versa? Do you have an emergency fund?

 

I love hearing from you and want to grow this community that is gradually getting bigger. Don’t be shy! Comment, contribute to the Facebook page, send me a private message or all three! I will always try to help you.

Lisa a.k.a ‘Bunchy’